23 Apr Migration and migrant population statistics
- 2.4 million immigrants entered the EU from non-EU countries in 2017.
- 22.3 million people (4.4 %) of the 512.4 million people living in the EU on 1 January 2018 were non-EU citizens.
- EU Member States granted citizenship to 825 thousand persons in 2017.
According to the latest data on Eurostat, on international migration (flows), number of national and non-national citizens in population (“stocks”) and data relating to the acquisition of citizenship. Migration is influenced by a combination of economic, environmental, political and social factors: either in a migrant’s country of origin (push factors) or in the country of destination (pull factors). Historically, the relative economic prosperity and political stability of the EU are thought to have exerted a considerable pull effect on immigrants.
In destination countries, international migration may be used as a tool to solve specific labour market shortages. However, migration alone will almost certainly not reverse the ongoing trend of population ageing experienced in many parts of the EU.