Education and migrants

Education and migrants

Education and migrants

Education plays a crucial role in helping refugees and migrants from third countries adapt to a new country and a new culture and establish social relations within the host communities.

Towards the integration of migrants in education and training

Students and students from a migration background often face difficulties in adapting to a new learning environment. Practitioners in the field of vocational education and training can benefit from guidance and exchanges of best practices that allow them to address the learning needs of learners in increasingly diverse and multilingual classes.

Since 2016, the European Commission has supported EU member states in efforts to integrate migrants into their education and training systems – from pre-school education and care to higher education. The Commission’s action plan on integrating third-country nationals has identified three priorities for education:

– integration of newly arrived migrants into the general education structures as soon as possible
– preventing poor school outcomes among migrants
–  preventing social exclusion and promoting intercultural dialogue.

The concrete measures implemented in the action plan range from tools that contribute to the assessment of migrants’ competences and qualifications to collaborative platforms to promote the exchange of information between educational and training institutions and their staff.
What does the EU do to support the integration of migrants?

In order to contribute to the integration of migrants, the European Commission facilitates the exchange of good practices between Member States through mutual learning activities. These activities also promote networking between policymakers and enable them to better address current and future challenges. Between 2016 and 2018, the following topics were addressed in the mutual learning activities:

-linguistic assessment and integration of unaccompanied minors into the education system
-reception of newly arrived migrants and evaluation of previous schooling
– recognition of refugee qualifications
-intercultural dialogue as a tool for addressing migration, refugees and asylum seekers in educational contexts
-linguistic and cultural diversity
– integration policies for migrants: principles, challenges and practices

Moreover, the Commission provides specialist advice through peer counseling to support reforms in Member States, for example regarding the integration of newly arrived migrants into schools. Such events are organized at the request of any Member State and involve decision-makers from other national administrations and independent experts trying to find solutions to national challenges within a participatory workshop.

Through the Erasmus + program, the Commission finances projects and other activities for the integration of migrants in all sectors of education and training. Strategic partnerships aim at developing innovative educational practices and promoting transnational cooperation. Erasmus + also supports capacity building in higher education in partner countries that are particularly affected by the consequences of migration.

The European Commission is co-financing the SIRIUS network on migrant education. It supports the education of children and young people from migrant families, through strategic activities at national and international level, bringing together migrants and refugees, researchers, decision-makers and specialists in the field of education for migrants.

The School Education Gateway portal funded by Erasmus + allows practitioners to exchange information and materials (articles, lesson plans, etc.) and access services (for example, online courses) on topics related to inclusion, cultural diversity, and classroom integration. new students. The eTwinning platform connects schools across Europe through ICT tools and offers school principals and staff the opportunity to share their experiences and provide assistance.

The Commission has provided access to online language support to more than 100,000 refugees and newly arrived migrants. This initiative helps individuals integrate into the host society, giving them the opportunity to learn the local language.

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